Number of Movements : 19

Meaning of Pattern : Means literally  “the Heaven, the Earth. It is, in the orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts… one to represent the Heaven… and the other the Earth.


Number of Movements : 21

Meaning of Pattern : Dan Gun is named after the Holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 BC.


Number of Movements : 24

Meaning of Pattern : Do San is the pseudonym of  the patriot Ahn Ch’ang-Ho (1876 to 1938) who he devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and it’s independence movement.


Number of Movements : 28

Meaning of Pattern : Won Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD.


Number of Movements : 38

Meaning of Pattern : Yul Gok is the pseudonym of the great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536 – 1584 A.D),   nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38t degrees latitude and the diagram represents “Scholar”.


Number of Movements : 32

Meaning of Pattern : Joong Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ilto, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the  leading part in the Korea-Japan Merger. There are  32 movements in this “pattern” to represent Mr. Ahn’s  age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).


Number of Movements : 37

Meaning of Pattern : Toi Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th A.D.), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degrees latitude,  the diagram represents “scholar”.


Number of Movements : 29

Meaning of Pattern : Hwa Rang is named after the Hwa Rang youth group which originated in the Silla dynasty about 1350 years ago. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of three Kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division,  where Tae kwon-Do developed into maturity.


Number of Movements : 30

Meaning of Pattern : Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (kobukson)  which was the precursor of the present day submarine in 1592 A.D..  The reason why this pattern ends up with a with a left-hand attack is to  symbolize his regrettable death,  having no chance his show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the King.


Number of Movements : 36

Meaning of Pattern : Po-Eun is the pseudonym a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo dynasty.


Number of Movements : 39

Meaning of Pattern : Kwang Gae is picked after the famous, Kwang-Gae-To-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of the lost territory. The 39 movements refer to his rein for 39 years.


Number of Movements : 44

Meaning of Pattern : Ge-Baek is named after  Ge-Baek a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 AD). The diagram represents his server and strict military discipline.


Number of Movements : 45

Meaning of Pattern : Eui Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on 1st March 1919. The 45 movements relate to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram represents his indomitable spirit displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.


Number of Movements : 39

Meaning of Pattern : Ko-dang is the Pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Sik, who dedicated his life to the Independence Movement and the education of his people. The 39 movements signify his time of imprisonment and his birthplace on the 39th parallel.


Number of Movements : 52

Meaning of Pattern : Choong Jang is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Yi Dynasty (15th Century). This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.


Number of Movements : 33

Meaning of Pattern : Sam Il denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea, which began throughout the country on 1st March 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.


Number of Movements : 61

Meaning of Pattern : Choi Yong is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces during the 14th century Koryo dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Yi dynasty.


Number of Movements : 68

Meaning of Pattern : Yoo Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn from the right rather than the left, symbolizing Yoo Sin’s mistake of following his kings orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.


Number of Movements : 42

Meaning of Pattern : Ul Ji is named after General Ul Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang invasion force of nearly 1,000,000 soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 AD. General Ul Ji used hit and run tactics to destroy a large number of the opposing force. The diagram represents his surname. The 42 movements represent General Chois age when he designed this pattern.


Number of Movements : 61

Meaning of Pattern : Honours the 30th King of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great Kings Rock). According to his will, the body was placed in the sea ‘Where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese’. It is said that the Sol Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla dynasty. The 61 movements represent the last two figures of 661 AD when Moon Moo came to the throne.


Number of Movements : 49

Meaning of Pattern : Yon Gae is named after General Yon Gae Somoon, a famous general during the Koguryo dynasty. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 AD, the year he forced the Tang dynasty to leave Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi Sung.


Number of Movements : 72

Meaning of Pattern : So San is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520 to 1604) during the Yi dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organised a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Sa Myung Dang. The monk soldiers helped repel the Japanese pirates who over ran most of the Korean peninsular in 1592.


Number of Movements : 24

Meaning of Pattern : Se Jong is named after the greatest Korean king Se Jong who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was a noted meteorologist. The diagram represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.




Number of Movements : 56

Meaning of Pattern : Tong Il denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea that has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolises the homogenous race.